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Hiatal Hernia Screening Quiz

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Updated September 18, 2008

A hiatal hernia occurs when the upper part of the stomach pushes through an opening in the diaphragm, and up into the chest. This opening is called the esophageal hiatus or diaphragmatic hiatus.

There are two categories of hiatal hernias: The sliding hiatal hiatal and the para-esophageal hiatal hernia.

The sliding hiatal hernia

Sliding hiatal hernias are those in which the gastro-esophageal junction and part of the stomach slides into the chest. This junction can stay permanently in the chest, or just slide into the chest during swallowing. The later results because with each swallow, the esophagus contracts, causing the esophagus to shorten and pull on the stomach. After the swallow, the junction falls back into the abdomen. Approximately 90% of all hiatal hernias are the sliding type.


The para-esophageal hiatal hernia

With para-esophageal hernias, the gastro-esophageal junction remains where it belongs, but part of the stomach is squeezed up into the chest beside the esophagus. These hernias remain in the chest at all times. With this type of hernia, complications can occur, such as incarceration and strangulation. Incarceration means the hernia is stuck and being squeezed. Strangulation results from the lack of blood supply, leading to death of the tissues involved, when incarceration persists too long. Surgical intervention is required. This article on para-esophageal hiatal hernias will give you more information.

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Do you think you have a hiatal hernia? Take this hiatal hernia screening quiz, and then discuss the results with your doctor.

This screening quiz should not be used as a diagnostic tool. This quiz should be used for informational purposes only. You should discuss with your doctor any concerns you have about your health.

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Informational Links:



Diet Help:
This information is designed for chronic heartburn sufferers. However, part of the treatment for hiatal hernias is changes in diet. Usually the foods that heartburn sufferers can and can't eat can help gastroparesis sufferers also. Discuss this with your doctor. It is a good idea to also discuss this with your doctor.

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Take the hiatal hernia screening quiz.

This screening quiz should not be used as a diagnostic tool. This quiz should be used for informational purposes only. You should discuss with your doctor any concerns you have about your health.

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Updated: 12/31/05

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