Diabetes is the most common cause of gastroparesis. More specifically, diabetes causes high blood sugar, which can lead to many dangerous problems, including nerve damage. In the case of diabetes-related gastroparesis, the vagus nerve -- which controls the stomach -- becomes damaged.
Other conditions that may cause gastroparesis include:
- Viral infections
- Atrophic gastritis
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease
- Endocrine and metabolic disorders, such as hypothyroidism, gallbladder disorders, patients with cirrhosis and portal hypertension
- Neurological disorders, such as Parkinson's and multiple sclerosis
- Anorexia nervosa
- Surgery on the stomach or vagus nerve
- Some medications, particularly anticholinergics and narcotics, that slow contractions in the stomach and intestines
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"Gastroparesis." National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NDDIC), NIH Publication No. 07–4348 July 2007. <http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/gastroparesis/>.
Jean Fox, M.D. and Amy Foxx-Orenstein, D.O., FACG, . "Gastroparesis." American College of Gastroenterology, n.d. <http://www.acg.gi.org/patients/gihealth/gastroparesis.asp>.
Steven R. Peikin, M.D., First. Gastrointestinal Health. Harper Perennial (Harper Collins Publishers), 1999.