For those individuals who don't have any symptoms, they don't require any treatment for their hiatal hernia. For others, lifestyle changes and medications will control their symptoms. It is only for a minority of patients who experience severe symptoms of reflux despite lifestyle changes and medications, or who develop complications such as stricture, bleeding or an obstruction, will surgery be considered.
The following are some of the treatment options for a hiatal hernia:
- Lifestyle changes for a hiatal hernia
- Diet modification
- Not smoking
- Avoiding alcohol
- Preventing acid reflux during the day
- Preventing acid reflux at night.
Medication, which include:
If surgery is needed:
During hiatal hernia repair surgery, the stomach and lower esophagus are placed back into the abdominal cavity, and the hiatus (the opening in the diaphragm where the esophagus and stomach join) is tightened. The upper part of the stomach (fundus) may be wrapped around the esophagus (fundoplication) to reduce acid reflux.
Do you think you have a hiatal hernia? Take this screening quiz
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