Under normal conditions, food passes through the esophagus, and the muscle at the bottom of your esophagus closes off so food and liquids will remain in your stomach. This muscle is the lower esophageal sphincter (LES). When the LES doesn't close properly, stomach contents and acid can back up into the esophagus.
This often begins in infancy, but only a small number of infants continue to have problems as older children. Evaluation by a physician is advised for any child or adolescent with persistent symptoms.
Symptoms of GERD in ChildrenWhen the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) doesn't close properly, stomach contents and acid can back up into the esophagus. If your child experiences symptoms of acid reflux, medical attention is needed.
Symptoms of acid reflux include a burning sensation in the throat, sore throat, frequent cough, and sometimes respiratory problems.
More on GERD symptoms in children.
Diagnosing GERD in ChildrenYour child's doctor may base a diagnosis of acid reflux on your child's symptoms and a physical examination. The doctor may also order tests to verify the diagnosis, or to determine if a more serious condition, such as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), is the cause of the reflux.
More on diagnosing GERD in children.
Treating GERD in ChildrenThe course of treatment the doctor prescribes for your child will depend on your child's age and symptoms.
The doctor may first suggest lifestyle modifications to see if this will ease the reflux symptoms. These can include what your child eats and when he/she eats.
More on treating GERD in children.
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