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Keyhole Surgery

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Updated April 08, 2010

Written or reviewed by a board-certified physician. See About.com's Medical Review Board.

Definition: This is surgery that uses a fiber-optic laparoscope inserted through a small incision. The advantages of this type of surgery are the smaller incisions, less pain, and quicker recovery than traditional surgery.

Fundoplication surgery, a standard surgery for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), can often be performed with the keyhole method. This surgery usually involves making five small incisions in the abdomen. One is used for the laparoscope, and the others are for instruments to do the operation. Recovery time is only a few days in the hospital. A patient also experiences less pain and fewer complications (such as wound infection).

Pronunciation: kee-hohl sur-juh-ree
Also Known As: Laparoscopic surgery
Bandaid surgery
Minimally invasive surgery
Examples:
Keyhole surgery is a surgical technique in which operations in the abdomen are performed through small incisions.
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